History Summarized: Atlantic Exploration

22 ian. 2021
261 533 Vizionare

So you just conquered Iberia, and you're wondering where to go from here? It's a more common conundrum than you might think. Consider: a big wooden floaty house that goes splish-splash in the atlantic ocean. Anyway, this is a video about Portuguese and Spanish (erm, Castilian) exploration in the Atlantic during the 1400s. Please note my deliberate decision to Nope on out at the turn of the 1500s.
This topic was requested by our longtime patron Antonio Juarez! Thank you Antonio for supporting our work and helping to provide entertaining educational content.
SOURCES & Further Reading: "Ornament of the World" by Maria Rosa Menocal; lectures from Great Courses Plus "1571: Spain, Portugal Encircle the Globe" by Donald J. Harreld, "Renaissance and Exploration: New Horizons" by Jennifer McNabb, "Portugal's Great Leap Forward" by "Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius"
TRACKLIST: "Scheming Weasel (faster version)," "Monkeys Spinning Monkeys", "Local Forecast - Elevator" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License
Our content is intended for teenage audiences and up.
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  • How dare you forget Navarra

    FuyuzukiFuyuzukiAcum 11 Zile
  • Now tell us about the full history of those Atlantic islands beyond colonizing psychos 👀

    IceLuxrayIceLuxrayAcum 14 Zile
  • The video is overhaul well done. The only aspects which dent its quality and impartiality in it is the frequent negative connotations and moral judgements on activities such as slavery. My suggestion: Don't attribute moral judgements under a contemporary lens to something which was viewed differently in the past by everyone. Slaves were available to the Portuguese because the several African kingdoms readily made them available (the Portuguese did not have the logistical capability to "hunt" or "capture" slaves for the most part in Africa) without any second thoughts because it was part of the cultural matrices of those kingdoms to view slavery as something common, where they freely enslaved one another and even their own peoples. Another fact, Portugal and England were at the forefront in abolishing slavery, first in Europe, starting in the 18th century and then in it's colonies from the 19th century onwards. This was unprecedented in all of human history. So if we are to condemn Portugal (and other European powers) for slavery, we should also admire them for abolishing it under their own volition and being the only ones to do so until then. Also, concerning Al-Andalusia, it was not "multicultural" as we think of it today. 90-95 plus percent of the population was still of pre-invasion Arabic/Moorish stock, or in other words, Celtic-Iberian, Suebi, Visigoth, Roman and Sephardi Jewish, so it was still relatively "homogeneous" under a cultural and religious lens. To exemplify this, many of the famous philosophers, physicists and theologians during the "muslin golden age" were actually Christian or Jewish. The muslin presence in the peninsula was mostly expressed under the form of an administrative elite and warrior caste. In short, my suggestion is not to give moral judgements on things which were viewed under a different lens lack then by everyone. Remember this well because the current system of morals that is our current "dogma" will also be view as barbaric and plainly wrong in the future.

    Redhead SilverRedhead SilverAcum 24 Zile
  • you know I'd really like to see something on the islamic golden age

    Monkey marigoldMonkey marigoldAcum 29 Zile
  • "Gross colonial conduct club?" I think you mean "how to run the world correctly and get shit done club." XD conquering the world was just done this way, and had any of us lived back the. We would have done so to. It's life if in 500 years anyone who drove a gasoline car is vilified as a horrible person because we contributed to environmental harm. We are doing that yes, but not because we are horrible people, but because that's how the world works and we haven't transitioned away from the alternative.

    Matteo, The Immortal FlameMatteo, The Immortal FlameAcum lună
  • 🇪🇺🇬🇷❤❤❤❤

  • I misread and tapped the video for stories about the ATLANIS exploration, realized my mistake, laughed at my dum dum self and enjoyed the learning experience

    Felly StarwayFelly StarwayAcum lună
  • You, sir, have perfect timing

    ErinyesErinyesAcum lună
  • my man just ignoring navarre like that when counting the kingdoms in iberia. yeah yeah they're kinda french but dammit navarre is a big strong kingdo

    ImperialFishImperialFishAcum lună
  • Please do the Spanish civil war

    destivedestiveAcum lună
  • Cape of storms was actually called Cape of torment or cape of horrors because all the ships sank there, when the Portuguese were actually able to cross it they renamed it as to inspire future sailors.

    Rodri PintoRodri PintoAcum 2 luni
  • Blue, Tim (Hello future Me) would be disappointed that you didn't include New Zealand in your world map~

    Raquel SimmissRaquel SimmissAcum 2 luni
  • Wait. If east was Portugal side... Then WHY WERE WE UNDER SPANISH RULE --

    Kei RufinoKei RufinoAcum 2 luni
  • Conquistadorks... Lmao 😅

    Ukraineball AviationUkraineball AviationAcum 2 luni
  • SMH my head can't believe you used the cross of Burgundy for pre-habsburg Spain, innacurate flag reeeeee

    wannabecinnabonwannabecinnabonAcum 2 luni
  • the islamic golden age in spain was so cool that around 50% of all catholic martyrs come from that time. if you count the kids of force converted christians as muslims allmost no christian died.

    Motion PicturesMotion PicturesAcum 2 luni
  • 4:19 I never expected to get as much joy out of "let us correct this error by jumping into the ocean" as I did.

    bmsqqqbmsqqqAcum 2 luni
  • Pope: I abolish you by the power vested in me as pope and this fire I found

    Jacob VanceJacob VanceAcum 2 luni
  • Wait. I thought Prester john was Ethiopia? Edit: Oh so you did mention that. My bad for not watching the video to it's end first.

    Dmol8Dmol8Acum 2 luni
  • Cover Jack Churchill!

    Jack RobertsonJack RobertsonAcum 2 luni
  • dilo mi rey habla de españita

    A N NA N NAcum 2 luni
  • Well to be fair, they didn't know how big Asia was. But maybe we shouldn't be fair considering... You know... The slavery and genocide

    Not_A_BeanNot_A_BeanAcum 2 luni
  • 10:16 Yeah but also a waste. Still funny though 😂

    Ni lol JKNi lol JKAcum 2 luni
  • i dunno what to tell you, but you gushing over the period of al-andalus is quite insulting to many spaniards who we view that period of time as one where we were serfs in our native land by an occupying force, but i guess it's okay cause "It WaS DiVersE" fuck off

    King KyleKing KyleAcum 2 luni
    • I was using the sort of language some of these history youtubers like to use when dealing with Colonial European vs. Non-colonial European empires. They will take two identical conquests (one by the Arabs and one by Spanish for example), and describe one in a good way, and the other in a bad way. They love to do this with the Portuguese, Spanish, French, Dutch and British empires. What I was originally saying was; the more of these videos you watch, the more you'll notice this phenomena. I completely agree with you, the Spanish who conquered the Americas and the Moors who conquered Iberia are guilty of identical sins. I think you just mistook my original comment. God bless Spain.

    • @SHOW ME YA MOVES so colonialism and oppression is okay when the arabs do it :) i'm sure when we were being enslaved that was okay too

      King KyleKing KyleAcum lună
    • When the Spanish conquered the new world, they were "forcing their religion and language on the local society" and "destroying traditional culture". When the Arabs conquer Spain they are "creating a new multi linguistic and multi religious society" and "creating a new diverse culture". The more you study history the more you pick up on this sort of thing.

  • conquistadorks - my new fave word

    Transuranic ElementsTransuranic ElementsAcum 2 luni
  • To be fair, Spain knew what platinum looked like, they just didn't consider it valuable. They thought it was "unripe" silver (which is actually what the name 'platinum' means) and discarded it.

    Kyle HaydenKyle HaydenAcum 2 luni
  • 205 BC: Erastosthenes figures the almost exact circumference of Earth measuring shadows! 2000 years later: we have ALL kind of technological evidences to say that is true(and we also got robots on Mars) also still 2000 years later: I d0Nt CaRE whAt Y0u sAy ThE EaRTh iS FlaT !

    Shadow PrincessShadow PrincessAcum 2 luni
  • A correction , the Aragón Kingdom wasn't a kingdom , it was a Crown formed for various kingdoms with the same king

    ElPayá 77ElPayá 77Acum 2 luni
  • "Quick, nobody tell Spain what platinum looks like. It'll be hilarious." Killed me Now I'mma move over to Red's El Dorado video for a good laugh.

    Kwanele MasimongKwanele MasimongAcum 2 luni
  • "quick, no one tell Spain what platinum looks like, it'll be hilarious" was great 10/10

    Falcon_girl64Falcon_girl64Acum 2 luni
  • Make a history summary for Bulgaria. The history of the country is very interesting 😊

    RaNik STARRaNik STARAcum 3 luni
  • “Cofounder of the gross colonial misconduct club”. I guess history before 1400 never happened?

    RorkeRorkeAcum 3 luni
  • It's your friendly reminder, it wasn't Columbus's math making the world smaller but Marco Polo's navigating making Asia bigger.

    el komodos-dragoel komodos-dragoAcum 3 luni
  • PORTUGAL, CARALHO! don't mind me just doing my standard civic duty as a portuguese citizen, have a nice day

    Marco G. VerbruggenMarco G. VerbruggenAcum 3 luni
  • I would love to see you cover "The Great Game" and how it evolved to be used in literature such as the Wheel of Time series, and to some extent Game of Thrones. Cuz I wont lie, Blue, you rekindled my love for history

    Kaptain NecrosKaptain NecrosAcum 3 luni
  • Ayyy, Azores! Home island chain of my grandparents!

    Rio ReardonRio ReardonAcum 3 luni
  • 7:30 *casual incest? Intensifies*

    Coincidence 823Coincidence 823Acum 3 luni
  • love from an azorean history student

    my own sunshinemy own sunshineAcum 3 luni
  • "I'm sorry, America, you've contracted clambo."

    Andrew FleenorAndrew FleenorAcum 3 luni
  • Crisco Clambo is the best roast on him I've heard yet

    Drakkon ScytheDrakkon ScytheAcum 3 luni
  • Potluck history of South Africa please. P.S. Cape of Good Hope is extremely ironic due to 4 seasons in one day weather and mist of turmoil so thick you need landing beacons at your front gate even at 11 am. P.P.S When did we change to the gregorian calendar?

    Weird SistersWeird SistersAcum 3 luni
  • Where were you when we had an assignment on this

    liam mearsliam mearsAcum 3 luni
  • *c r i s c o c l a m b o*

    Draiocht TepesDraiocht TepesAcum 3 luni
    • A whole episode about Atlantic exploration and that name is all we get of that guy. THIS IS THE WAY.

      Draiocht TepesDraiocht TepesAcum 3 luni
  • You just don't want to say much about Columbus because you don't want to be humiliated by Knowing Better, or any other ROlabelr capable of actual research. But then, why not just be honest with everyone, and say Columbus is one of the most lied-about figures of the 15th century?

    Jim LuebkeJim LuebkeAcum 3 luni
  • Spain and Portugal didn't "swiftly" lose anything, it look a looooong time for their empires to go kaput. Not a long time by the standards of Asia Minor, but still a long time.

    Jim LuebkeJim LuebkeAcum 3 luni
  • This video talks about the slave trade like there was literally no continental slave trade happening at this point in history "cough" "cough" Islamic-African-Slavic slave trade ongoing since the 700s "cough" "cough"

    savioblancsavioblancAcum 3 luni
  • Colombus wasn't off on *his* math. everyone knew the earth's size (everyone educated), they didn't know how big the ocean was. he thought he was on a weird unmarked island off the coast of sapangu (basically just what they thought was Japan). He got his map from bonatelli (not his actual name but he was Italian and I am big dumb) the key cartographer of his time, widely praised for his good skills at being a map Boi. Basically it wasn't Colombus who was wrong, *it was everyone*

    LmaonaiseLmaonaiseAcum 3 luni
  • The anti-Columbus propaganda these days is non-sensical.

    Tolstoy111Tolstoy111Acum 3 luni
  • I silly silly for being confused for half this video cause I thought the title was "Atlantis Exploration."

    wiseforcommonsensewiseforcommonsenseAcum 3 luni
  • "4 Kingdoms in Iberia" Ik they're small but what about Navarre

    DropKickAnEwokDropKickAnEwokAcum 3 luni
  • Twice as much globe

    DreadfulmeDreadfulmeAcum 3 luni
  • Everyone: Remembers the US Civil War and Colonialism Portugal: Maybe if I don't move, they won't notice me Americans: Oh that's Spain *Sad Portuguese noises*

    PelicasPCPelicasPCAcum 3 luni
  • I love it when it is said muslim rule everyone living almost equally. 🤣🤣😂😂 How many muslims openly allowed to convert to christianity in any muslim ruled country nation ever except last 100 years. Would really like to know if I'm wrong🙏

    imran rajaimran rajaAcum 3 luni
  • 7:54...it's actually the other way around the word Canary COMES from the Canary Islands

    alejandro ojedaalejandro ojedaAcum 3 luni
  • 1:05 angry navarran sounds...

    alejandro ojedaalejandro ojedaAcum 3 luni
  • Yaay

    DevanshDevanshAcum 3 luni
  • How come the polynesian travelled through the much larger pacific before the major civilizations of the west finally managed to cross the smaller atlantic ocean??

    mim zimmim zimAcum 3 luni
    • The majority of the Polynesian expansion occured about the same time that Leif Erikson was colonizing Newfoundland.

      SonofSethoitaeSonofSethoitaeAcum 3 luni
  • Hey red, would love to see a video on Lord karthikeya AKA Muruga

    Vignesh NehruVignesh NehruAcum 3 luni
  • Why did I find the name Crisco Clambo so damn funny ?

    Roy OssaiRoy OssaiAcum 3 luni
  • How to make a country according to the history of multiple nations: 1-Have land. 2-Europeans show up and claim it. 3-People get angry and fight. 4-After Europeans leave, try to make some form of government. In only 4 simple steps, you too can make a country! But seriously, how many countries can have their history be summarized in that way if you really boil it down?

    Gossiper ZoroarkGossiper ZoroarkAcum 3 luni
  • do a video about Skanderbeg

    2213 e2e2e2213 e2e2eAcum 3 luni
  • we don't openly hate on portugal enough for my liking

    CholyCholyAcum 3 luni
    • Why tf would we hate on Portugal?

  • PLEASE do a history video about Australia... Because OH LORDY England put EVERYTHING it learned about how to f**k up colonies into Australia. Just even The Stolen Generation is. Oof. Please?

    Blaire ShadowpawBlaire ShadowpawAcum 3 luni
  • I seem to remember a lot of the flak thats thrown at columbus is actually false

    Eþan PhillipsEþan PhillipsAcum 3 luni
    • @Eþan Phillips "I'm gonna make an argument, but I don't care about facts"

      Miller PeshekMiller PeshekAcum 3 luni
    • @Eþan Phillips Do whatever you want, but the sources are right there in the comment for you to peruse. At least as far as calculations go. There's no way to argue against Columbus' own writings.

      SonofSethoitaeSonofSethoitaeAcum 3 luni
    • @SonofSethoitae look i really dont care enough to dig into this and find sources and have a full on debate, i just know that ive seen multiple things saying he wasent as bad or stupid as a lot of people make him out to be, feel free to do your own reaserch but thats just what ive heard. Have a good day

      Eþan PhillipsEþan PhillipsAcum 3 luni
    • @Eþan Phillips Well , regarding the pear shaped thing, I'm quoting from Columbus directly: "I found it (the world) was not round . . . but pear shaped, round where it has a nipple, for there it is taller, or as if one had a round ball and, on one side, it should be like a woman’s breast, and this nipple part is the highest and closest to Heaven." -Christopher Columbus, Log of his third voyage (1498) As for the size of the earth, Columbus heavily annotated his copy of Pierre d'Ailly's "Imago Mundi", a compendium of geodetic and geographic theory from 1490, and we actually have his copy of the book. Therefore, we actually have his calculations of both the circumference of the Earth and the size of Asia. For the circumference of the Earth, he took Alfraganus' (Al-Farghani) revision of Eratosthenes' calculations, concluding that a degree of latitude was 56.66 miles. However, he used Roman miles and not Arabic miles, and therefore reduced the circumference of the earth from 25-33%. This got him much closer to Ptolemy's revision of Poseidonius, which he considered a good thing (it was not). As for Asia, he favoured the estimate of Marinus of Tyre, which posited that Asia was approximately 225 degrees of longitude wide from east to west. This was in contrast to Ptolemy's estimate, which was 180 degrees, or the true length which is 130 to China's east shore, or 150 to Japan's east shore. His reasoning was that the deuterocanonical Book of Esdras taught that the earth is "six parts dry and one part wet."

      SonofSethoitaeSonofSethoitaeAcum 3 luni
    • @SonofSethoitae everything ive heard has said that thats not actually true

      Eþan PhillipsEþan PhillipsAcum 3 luni
  • Okay, I move that we officially rename the conquistadors as the "conquistadorks" who else is with me?

    Adam EvertonAdam EvertonAcum 3 luni
  • 1:15 Order of Santiago did nothing wrong.

    Eli SmirnovEli SmirnovAcum 3 luni
  • Question... what happened to the Muslim residents that used to live in that area? Did they get killed, or did they migrate, or do they still live there to this day? I’m genuinely curious.

    BlackBoy 27BlackBoy 27Acum 3 luni
    • A lot of forced conversions, starting in 1502. Islam was officially banned by King Phillip II in 1567. Even the Moriscos, converts from Islam and their descendants, were expelled by Phillip between 1609 and 1614.

      SonofSethoitaeSonofSethoitaeAcum 3 luni
  • That little blank/uncolored part of spain is the Basque country

    hamilton euzarragahamilton euzarragaAcum 3 luni
  • Are you go to make any videos on the Barbary slave trade? Not much of the world knows about it, despite the fact that their slave trade included at least a million more slaves than Africans taken to America.

    Minimalist TheatreMinimalist TheatreAcum 3 luni
  • Screw exploration, I wanna see Conquistadors fight Terror Birds!! (jk you guys are great)

    Ad AstraAd AstraAcum 3 luni
  • Now I want a drawing of Cristo Clambo as an anthropomorphized clam carrying Crisco.

    GauldameGauldameAcum 3 luni
  • I truly recommend a book called:""Conquistadors: How Portugal created the first global empire" about the Portuguese explorations, the settlement in India, Japan and Indonesia, and the Portuguese crown's master plan of closing up the Indian ocean. I think it would make a wonderful video for this channel.

    TusiriakestTusiriakestAcum 3 luni
  • That's it, I'm only calling him Crisco Clambo from now on. And always to curse his stupid face.

    demonoflightdemonoflightAcum 3 luni
  • Fun fact: if you go by the best maps of the time, than japan would be located on the west edge of Mexico. Certainly explains how old Clambo could convince the monarchs that the journey was possible and profitable.

    Ultra LightUltra LightAcum 3 luni
  • Yay new video

    richard polygamyrichard polygamyAcum 3 luni
  • Conquistadorks, I love it!

    ElizabeththegreatestElizabeththegreatestAcum 3 luni
    • Although dicks might have been more appropriate, given all the carnage they caused!

      ElizabeththegreatestElizabeththegreatestAcum 3 luni
  • When you said grand master of the order of I was expecting the Jedi Forgot what I was watching

    - Violetdahyun -- Violetdahyun -Acum 3 luni
  • Wait... did blue just say conquistadorks?

    - Violetdahyun -- Violetdahyun -Acum 3 luni
  • 01:01 What about Navarre?

    Adam LatosińskiAdam LatosińskiAcum 3 luni
  • "no one tell Spain what platinum looks like" line nearly killed me. And I nearly made the comment about Ethiopia about 10 seconds before blue did.

    Nikki GriffinNikki GriffinAcum 3 luni
  • Thank you for being great.

    OdD BeepBeepOdD BeepBeepAcum 3 luni
  • 5:36 It's not pc of me, but I am so sick of hearing about "human suffering" and "violation of rights" every time someone wants to talk about European explorers and settlers, as if other places weren't also doing similar things. Yes, those things happened. Yes, they were wrong, but it feels like it's brought up way more for Europe than other cultures.

    Shane H.Shane H.Acum 3 luni
    • @devak You know what? That's a very good point. It's a lot more widespread than, say, the Aztecs and what they did. I will give you that; well said. Although I do still wonder if similar atrocities were done by other widespread, seafaring, influential empires like ancient China? I know Japan did some of it in the 30s (especially to Korea), but I only heard of some racism China had for Englishmen before the first opium war.

      Shane H.Shane H.Acum 3 luni
    • It's because European colonization exported said suffering on a global scale?

      devakdevakAcum 3 luni
  • OSP can you please make a Part 2 About the “Atlantic Exploration” on part of the Iberians?

    Pia Carmela VelasquezPia Carmela VelasquezAcum 3 luni
  • This was cool

    Noah MasiNoah MasiAcum 3 luni
  • No mention of vasco da gama, BRUH great research, and btw you sound like a total sjw.

    CMDR ViriatusCMDR ViriatusAcum 3 luni
  • Hey blue I think you should really make a video about the history of the Netherlands

    Justin van OostenJustin van OostenAcum 3 luni
  • Canary gang yall ⚪🔵🌕

    IANramos97IANramos97Acum 3 luni
  • The joke about Castilian family tree is fun, but the subject becomes even more worrying if you think about how many kingdoms did the same, and with closer relatives than Isabella and Ferdinand XD

    MicaerysMicaerysAcum 3 luni
  • Crisco Clambo sounds like some kind of food.

    Raspberry MintRaspberry MintAcum 3 luni
  • I am surprise u guys have not done a video on thomas cocheane

    Nathan ScottNathan ScottAcum 3 luni
  • I think conquistadorks has become my new favorite word.

    ccvchargerccvchargerAcum 3 luni
  • Hope u do pacific exploration

    Bryce JonesBryce JonesAcum 3 luni
  • i did not know about the role of the Canary and Madeira islands in launching the trans-atlantic era

    ike ekiike ekiAcum 3 luni
  • Ahem... *Conquistadorks*

    Okay ButWhyThoughOkay ButWhyThoughAcum 3 luni
  • You should do a video on the Hunnic Empire

    jacob pachecojacob pachecoAcum 3 luni
  • Crisco Clambo, the only way to refer to him from here on out!

    Sabrina SimmsSabrina SimmsAcum 3 luni
  • 1:00 cries in Navarra

    patrick wangpatrick wangAcum 3 luni
  • "Quick! Nobody tell Spain what platinum looks like; it will be hilarious!" And it was...

    Himax9Himax9Acum 3 luni
  • Some guy: I keep trying to calculate the circumference of the earth but my error margin is dummy thicc and I keep finding new lands where india should be. Spain: It's free real-estate.

    Tom CarmyTom CarmyAcum 3 luni
  • 8:20 "Don't Look Too Carefully At Their Family Tree: 1479" Okay, not gonna touch that. Now let me watch this The Best Couples in History - Valentines Special which is recommended to me. What could possibly go wrong?

    SlaveofamvSlaveofamvAcum 3 luni