History RE-Summarized: The Age of Augustus

19 mar. 2021
327 445 Vizionare

Many Romans had conquered the Republic, but nobody could keep it, until Augustus. In the half century after the assassination of Caesar, his adoptive son would fundamentally transform the Roman state: expanding it, reforming it, and bringing it under the control of one man. The Age of Augustus found Rome a Republic and left it an Empire.
This video is a Remastered, Definitive Edition of three previous videos from this channel - History Summarized: "Augustus Versus The Assassins", "Augustus Versus Antony", and "How Augustus Made An Empire". This video combines them all into one narrative, fully upgrading all of the visuals and audio.
If you want more Histories to be Re-Summarized, please comment and let me know!
SOURCES & Further Reading: "The Age of Augustus" by Werner Eck, "Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire" by Ronald Mellor, "Cleopatra: A Life" by Stacy Schiff, Virgil's "Aeneid", Polybius' "Histories", Livy's "Ab Urbe Condita", Plutarch's "Parallel Lives", "SPQR" by Mary Beard, "Rome: A History in Seven Sackings" by Matt Kneale, (and also my degree in Classical Studies).
0:00​ 1 - Octavian V. the Assassins
07:40​ 2 - Octavian V. Antony
17:36​ 3 - Augustus as Emperor
Our content is intended for teenage audiences and up.
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  • Both Augustus and the Senate think freedom is something they can give or take on a whim...

    Political NerdPolitical NerdAcum minut
  • Crassus was the OG Viserys Targaryen.

    Political NerdPolitical NerdAcum 2 minute
  • So this is how liberty dies. With thunderous applause.

    Political NerdPolitical NerdAcum 4 minute
  • 20:45 Augustus here making a JoJo reference.

    バンジョベンジバンジョベンジAcum 9 ore
  • Blue does a fantastic Bane impression.

    LuigiBoi42LuigiBoi42Acum 18 ore
  • ;)

    JimmyNeutron7JimmyNeutron7Acum o Zi
  • Inb4 someone calls Augustus a sigma male

    Suclox • 12 years agoSuclox • 12 years agoAcum o Zi
  • Brutus and Cassius: why do I hear boss music

    Khiresh NaiiduKhiresh NaiiduAcum 3 Zile
  • Having a civil war or attempting to have a civil war over wanting to give the general public a better life 🤔🤔🤔 why does that sound so familiar.

    Anthony NguAnthony NguAcum 4 Zile
  • Please do a video for Empress Livia Drusilla !!!

    X Brielle XX Brielle XAcum 4 Zile
  • Rip Cicero I would so vote Cicero’s disembodied spirit for President in 2024

    Deutsch AmerikanerDeutsch AmerikanerAcum 5 Zile
  • The saviour of all people studying Imperial Image, my thanks

    Cosmological GarbageCosmological GarbageAcum 6 Zile
  • Alright. Let's continue. The next chapter please

    LuLuAcum 7 Zile
  • Thank you for this video.

    AscendtionArcAscendtionArcAcum 10 Zile
  • "Three people...two people...each controlling a third...half of the Republic will work just fine, right? Right???" This broke me 🤣

    Nick94956Nick94956Acum 13 Zile
  • 9:40 I was under the impression that people sacrifices were an usually integral part of Triumphs. Of course, they were not Romans sacrificed there. Usually.

    jorgelotrjorgelotrAcum 14 Zile
  • 18:48 - It’s that a mother fucking ad for meat extract?

    Nicolas LiraNicolas LiraAcum 15 Zile
  • Bit harsh on Lepidus who died aged 76 of not-being-murdered. Which is pretty damned impressive for someone who got that close to the centre of power and didn't win the game by killing everyone else. Even sweet-talked them into letting his wife off after she'd been treasonous. So he must have (a) been pretty smooth, (b) actually loved his wife enough not to want to trade her in for a younger model, (c) not been so much of a power-hungry egomaniac that he was able to step back and just chill at home. So really, Lepidus the Triumvir is terribly under-rated. After all, there were 6 triumvirs and only 2 died of old age. And only one of them actually got to enjoy a normal retirement: Lepidus.

    Dave BathDave BathAcum 16 Zile
  • Rome was the closest thing to an Anime that we'll ever get.

    Jonah CJonah CAcum 16 Zile
  • Buen video y trabajo, es extraño como no mencionan por falta de datos si era también guerra de propaganda entre ellos junto mini guerra económica como 2 fábricas del mismo dueño compitiendo, lo cual es canibalismo rañiñerio corporativo y por tanto pérdidas como deuda interna de estos 3 peleando por el poder, faltaría ver falsa contabilidad y auditorías que no se mencionan si existian por esas épocas para ver si solo fue guerra directa y no otras causas e intereses, obvservaciones. También ver intereses de fábricas y comercios más productivos y por tanto impuestos que llegan al ejército, además no me extraña contactos o familiares en el ejército romano pues sería conveniente cuando tienen familiares de empresas en el ejército, Intereses, ya si hoy día usa pasará y a tes o durante su caída pues de risa, sólo recuerda evitar arguende, saludos buen dato historico.

    Al ToAl ToAcum 17 Zile
    • Se cumulaba desde abusos al pueblo y los impuestos en cada guerra civil, sus metidas de pata de la entropia, como de donde vino la madera de sus flotas navales? Que impacto al ecosistema, sistemas de intercambio de Bio materia, energía, agua, necrofagos y demás, no me extrañaría ver luego hambrunas que costaron o provocaron la siguiente guerra civil, que idiotas, puro beberly rico peor que Dawson kreed en ser mal guía de su gente junto no saber ni cuidar su parte del planeta, incluso se repite después de Roma en los países de Europa como antes de la revolución francesa, que curioso, saludos y buen trabajo red, ya pueden poner lo de poco de contabilidad y metidas de pata a quien explotaba bomba inflacionaria.

      Al ToAl ToAcum 15 Zile
    • Mientras no fuera auto gol la propaganda de dejar de producir, consumir y cobrar impuestos, era como jugar solo, intereses de que gente moría y no se pagaban sueldos, negocio turbio de negociaciones, junto negocio de guerra, pero actuar como mercenarios en ejército nacional y formal, toda una porquería que no me extraña sería gris gris a gris claro por lo viejo del dato historico, pero que cuando pasó en los últimos días del imperio romano, o ríes o lloras, de ser doble juego, economía colapso, familiares o contactos del ejército romano rapiñando y como interrumpan recursos, tiempos y mercancías, todo un paro cardíaco a los corazones romanos de lo que quedaba de este, sin mencionar costos y pérdidas permanentes, obvservaciones.

      Al ToAl ToAcum 17 Zile
  • "My child this was a learned man and a lover of his country." Octavian on Cicero.

    Mikael Anton KurkiMikael Anton KurkiAcum 20 Zile
  • This is great, I love this

    TaveyMaveyTaveyMaveyAcum 22 Zile
  • it‘s just crazy how much character red‘s drawings instantly give to these very dead people

    Tobias HolubTobias HolubAcum 23 Zile
  • The original pantheon was destroyed. The one that exists now was built under Hadrian.

    Douglas MessierDouglas MessierAcum 25 Zile
  • 25:12 hey guys look! It’s Mary , Joseph and Jesus! Say hi!

    Gary BrownGary BrownAcum 27 Zile
  • I got like 2 minutes into the video and then I was like "NO! NO SPOILERS HISTORIA CIVILIS HASN'T COVERED THIS YET!"

    Joshua SaffyJoshua SaffyAcum 28 Zile
  • Got damn it Augustus, why didn't you just hand the empire to your wife, you fool!

    TubezTheOneTubezTheOneAcum 29 Zile
  • Octavian was the adapted heir while Caesarion in Egypt was the true heir. no wonder Octavian had him killed

    Hasan WilsonHasan WilsonAcum 29 Zile
    • @Hasan Wilson Octavian was probably afraid that Caesarion could sieze the Empire regardless of whether he was legal heir or not, Octavian had himself done very legally dubious things to secure power and Caesar his predecessor had broken the principles and customs of the Republic when becoming sole ruler of Rome

      Sir JaojaoSir JaojaoAcum 15 Zile
    • @Boss Isaac if that was the case then he had absolutely no legitimate reason to have Caesarion killed. Marcus Anthonis and Cleopatra were both dead and their children were in the custody of his sister Octavia.

      Hasan WilsonHasan WilsonAcum 28 Zile
    • No, Gaius Julius Caesar was the legitimately named son by Roman law, heir to three-quarters of his father's estate(s).

      Boss IsaacBoss IsaacAcum 28 Zile
  • If caesar had a theme song itd be breaking the law, the song that is

    oofer dooferoofer dooferAcum 29 Zile
  • Ah yeah. I need more Egyptian-Greco-Roman content in my life. Also this part of history was real life reality tv but with world leaders

    태선우TaeSunWoo태선우TaeSunWooAcum lună
  • Caesar when the last knife stabbed him: “you should’ve gone for the head”

    태선우TaeSunWoo태선우TaeSunWooAcum lună
  • What i learned from this video: Augustus low key cute

    Skelly BonesSkelly BonesAcum lună
  • You say that when it comes to human sacrifice "Romans did not do that!" when in fact Roman culture included the ceremonial killing of people right up to Julius Caesar himself. Before you say that killing people in a triumph was a political act without any religious significance please consider: 1) Julius Caesar was a significant religious authourity as well as a general. 2) Romans enthusiastically enjoyed watching a military/religious authourity "sacrifice" human people to celebrate victory. Does it seem credible that a Roman Catholic Cardinal who is also a general could ceremonially kill people to celebrate victories without any cultural overlap among citizens? 🌸👸🏽🌸

    Regulus gaypontifaxRegulus gaypontifaxAcum lună
  • Good video, but for who wants a more in depth look at this should watch Historia Civilis’ video

    SangaySangayAcum lună
  • @9:40 - Since when did Romans avoid human sacrifice? What do you think was done in front of the temple of Mars with prisoners of war paraded through the streets of Rome during triumphs (including Caesar's)? No, the Romans might have normally saved it for special occasions, but they were no strangers to human sacrifice.

    ogrejdogrejdAcum lună
  • Holy Crap he did a Darth Sidious and became the senate

    Christopher CampbellChristopher CampbellAcum lună
  • Ahhh don't tell red but I like you content better

    Gregory fat terkyGregory fat terkyAcum lună
  • Caesar's clemency made many owe him their lives. How else to wipe a debt...?

    rascalferretrascalferretAcum lună
  • Imagine if mark antony and cleopatra united their kingdoms and made and eastern roman empire. It would have been very cool...

    Paparis PaparopoulosPaparis PaparopoulosAcum lună
  • So many people are unaware of Octavian. They talk about Alexander, Napolean, Ghengis Kahn, et al. Alexander was truly formidable. But, Octavian was ... hands-down ... The Baddest Ass this World has ever seen. And, what's most amazing about hin is that, as the 1st Roman Emperor (titled ''Augustus''), the Man did some incredible work stabilizing Rome, creating the solid foundation and infrastructure for an enduring genuine Empire. Yeah, Augustus (the ''Golden'' Boy) ruled with the proverbial ''Iron Fist.'' And he did so quite effectively. Not sure this presentation gives Octavian/Augustus the credit he's due. He was also a precursor to the Roman Stoic set (which peaked with Marcus Aurelius, the other bookend of the Pax Romana). The guy was the 1st Roman Emperor ... Self-Made. Yet, he slept on the floor. Says a lot about the kind of Man we're talking about here ... in my opinion.

    TD, Esq.TD, Esq.Acum lună
    • @Boss Isaac ï detest slavery in any form, ''Boss.'' As to your ''warmonger'' claim: The Senators (incuding the assassins) were warmongers who tried to push Octavian aside after murdering his forebear. Octavian refused to be pushed aside. He won, and then he got stuff done. The Man was impressive. That's my opinion, ''Boss.''

      TD, Esq.TD, Esq.Acum lună
    • Imperator Caesar Augustus was an imperialist warmonger and slaveholder whose personal estates were worked by people whom he had enslaved following his conquests of their homelands. Understand that while I share your fascination with Augustus and the desire to study his life, I ask that we cease with this attitude that he and his fellow conquerors/slaveholders were all great or even good people, because they weren't. Caesar Augustus was a morally repugnant piece of human garbage.

      Boss IsaacBoss IsaacAcum lună
  • Eh, I’ve read a lot of roman history. A LOT. And I’ve never seen the “Octavian sacrificed 300 romans” story EVER. In fact the last human sacrifice recorded in Rome was with respect to an impending invasion centuries earlier where a Gaul and Greek were buried alive in the Forum. Need some backup on the claim. There’s other gaps and omissions in this information. Antony and Cleopatra were buried in her mausoleum at Alexandria.

    Daniel DeeringDaniel DeeringAcum lună
  • Gaius Julius Caesar is by far my favorite person in Antiquity. Octavian is a close 2nd with Hadrian. I have a cat that was found as a kitten who was found in August, so we named him after who the month was named for. Augustus. Auggie for short and at almost 9 years old he rules the house like a Caesar.

    The Dark Lord of The SithThe Dark Lord of The SithAcum lună
  • Man does blue have a major crush on rome or what??

    Kendrick PattonKendrick PattonAcum lună
  • Octavian might be one of my absolute least favourite of the generally-recognised Big Historical Figures, but, dang, his journey is absolutely fascinating.

    Clockwork KirliaClockwork KirliaAcum lună
  • Agrippa: PARABELLUM

    Axel TrujilloAxel TrujilloAcum lună
  • Dumpster fire VS more overtly treasonous dumpster fire. Take your pick

    Lauryn EdelLauryn EdelAcum lună
  • Now Blue do the Huns

    ian simmonsian simmonsAcum lună
  • Caesar and Octavian were actually related by blood. Octavian was Caesars great nephew as his mother Atia Balba was Caesars niece.

    Harry TinsleyHarry TinsleyAcum lună
  • Question dose anyone else find history class soul sucking?

    Isaac StrouseIsaac StrouseAcum lună
  • pog

    OCT2108BOIOCT2108BOIAcum lună
  • God really got lazy with season 2 and basically kinda reskinned season 1 with this one didn't he?

    Tushar ChetalTushar ChetalAcum lună
  • Hey give my boy Octavian a break he argued for two days to keep Cicero off of the proscription list but Antony put him on there in the end

    Clay HeinzerlingClay HeinzerlingAcum lună
  • Oo resummarisarion!

    BitesoBitesoAcum lună
  • Anthony's will, or as Dovahatty put it, the gibs of Alexandria

    João PiteiraJoão PiteiraAcum lună
  • Wait... Romans didn't sacrifice people? Didn't the triumvirates involve strangling people as a sacrifice to the gods or something?

    CCAcum lună
    • Yes, they did.

      Boss IsaacBoss IsaacAcum lună
  • Lets have a moment of silence for Cicero who died in the prescriptions

    Hammer HandHammer HandAcum lună
    • F

      Sir JaojaoSir JaojaoAcum lună
  • What Blue leaves out of that is the Antony claims in his will that Julius Caesar’s son by Cleopatra, Caesarion, was Julius Caesar’s true heir, not Octavian, thereby personally insulting Octavian even more. Oops. Also, since Antony’s will was kept with the Vestal Virgins, he had to get it by force, a gross breach of tradition, not to mention probably the law as well.

    RamBam3000RamBam3000Acum lună
  • Read the thumbnail as "Age of Aquarius "

    Beau ShorkeyBeau ShorkeyAcum lună

    Susan LiSusan LiAcum lună
  • Caesar's Avengers, ah yes, much like Charlie's Angles

    Mawile #303Mawile #303Acum lună
  • Internet, Forgive me for this crime against decency I am about to commit. 1:31 O: "W- what are you doing, step-emperor?!" - JC: "It's okay, it's not like we're related by blood"

    Zap GunZap GunAcum lună
  • Great video! unrelated, maybe a video on Galileo Galilei I know he's kind of recent compared to your other stuff but.

    the world of fantasythe world of fantasyAcum lună
  • Agrippa? I think you mean Swagrippa

    Possibly a Russian personPossibly a Russian personAcum lună

    Tebello KhalaTebello KhalaAcum lună
  • Incredible. Actually incredible. Can't wait for the next episode!!

    Pretty SweetPretty SweetAcum lună
  • Btw, there's a boardgame about the East India Company on Kickstarter at the moment. It's called John Company and I thought it might interest you.

    Kryptonian GuestKryptonian GuestAcum lună
  • Goodus vidus

    Aceofacez10Aceofacez10Acum lună
  • *chef kiss* Perfect. Please do continue doing these compounded re-summarized series.

    denDAY04denDAY04Acum lună
  • Can they make a Cleopatra film based on Blue's videos for Caesar, Augustus, and Cleopatra? Seriously, Augustus is the villain, Caesar is a supporting character/plot device, and Cleopatra is Queen/Goddess.

    DTOMDTOMAcum lună
  • I would like to point out that Octavian was biologically related to Caesar. He was a grandson of Caesar's sister Julia Minor (which is why he was a grand-nephew) before he was adopted as a son by Caesar.

    MartinXVEdwardMartinXVEdwardAcum lună
  • This video has no right being as badass as it is.

    Armin HillmanArmin HillmanAcum lună
  • Blue: "The ancient world was no stranger to animal sacrifice, but when it came to people, Ancient Rome DID NOT DO THAT" Saturnalia: "Am I a joke to you?"

    Layne LockridgeLayne LockridgeAcum lună
  • Hey, I don't know where to put this, but I just realized while watching one of your other videos, I don't think I know anything "bad" about Alexander the great. You sounded like you would like to give the other side of history, and I think; as a fanboy, that would a great viewpoint to share. Thanks for your work!

    Ethan PheilEthan PheilAcum lună
  • I love this series but I have a small request. Could make a video about Puerto Rico 🇵🇷 or more specifically the Tainos? I'd really appreciate it. 🙏 Also, I also like to suggest a video from Red about the mythology of Taino Gods and/or the symbolism/legend of the Coqui (it's a Puerto Rican tree frog that is an important part of our culture). Thanks.

    RebeccaRebeccaAcum lună
  • How can I enjoy this video without colored square people murdering each other?

    ModredModredAcum lună
  • "Romans do not do that!" After the 2nd Punic War anyway. During and prior....

    Silva TSilva TAcum lună
  • Caesar: What up, I'm dictator for life! Conspirators: Perish. Caesar: *surprised Pikachu face*

    Charlie DuffCharlie DuffAcum lună
  • “Annexed the duat out of Egypt” is the best line in this video.

    Kylane EasterwoodKylane EasterwoodAcum lună
  • Another move that made Agrippa the ultimate bro was that he forwent his own triumph (the ultimate glory of any Roman general) in order to help out Octavian with Pompey’s son.

    Rick KcirRick KcirAcum lună
  • Hey Blue 🥺, what app do you use for your maps🥺🥺?

    Kolawale OjomoKolawale OjomoAcum lună
  • Wait, was the first name on that hit list 'Carbon'?

    TheGerkumanTheGerkumanAcum lună
  • How does Biggus Dickus play into all of this?

    Isaac BourdeauIsaac BourdeauAcum lună
  • For the algorithm

    KurtRu5selCroweKurtRu5selCroweAcum lună
  • Rome, with a side of dome

    Anonymous FellowAnonymous FellowAcum lună
  • A-GRIP-PA comes in clutch!

    Ryan StoneRyan StoneAcum lună

    Mike TacosMike TacosAcum lună
  • Julius "prematurely perforated" Caesar has to be my favourite nickname.

    Weeb ExtraordinaireWeeb ExtraordinaireAcum lună
  • 11:00 Soldier TF2

    haljoahaljoaAcum lună
  • 1:30 is instantly contradictory. How can Octavian be both Caesar’s great nephew and not biologically related. Octavian was the son of Atia, Caesars niece. They were distantly related which called for the post Morten adoption, but biologically they’re kin.

    Ghost of SocratesGhost of SocratesAcum lună
    • Either Blue made a simple mistake, or he was working under the assumption that Octavius being related to GIC via his _sister_ would normally result in them not developing a close relationship as Roman genealogy and laws of inheritance traced descent and worked through the father.

      Boss IsaacBoss IsaacAcum lună
  • Hey red, you know how you do a Halloween special every year, I think a story that you could do this year is “The Island of Dr. Moreau”

    Researcher ChameleonResearcher ChameleonAcum lună
  • Hearing him say son of Pompey the Headless just hits different lmao

    msrcalimsrcaliAcum lună
  • octavian was the son of ceasar niece, so they were related !

    iki ikuiki ikuAcum lună
  • "He annexed the Duat out of Egypt." I see whatcha did there . . . .

    Radiyas 13Radiyas 13Acum lună
  • Thank you this makes me miss my history teachers a little less.

    Belle WellsBelle WellsAcum lună
  • Just to clarify, Gaius Julius Caesar was Octavian's great-uncle, they were biologically related through Atia, Octavian's mom. Additionally, Caesar called himself the son of Venus and Octavian called himself the son of Apollo. You have to give Octavian some credit on how he quickly came to rule Rome in just seventeen years [44-27 BC].

    Derric K.Derric K.Acum lună
  • 11:24 Blue: "Was this, by any chance, legal?" Octavian: "I will make it legal."

    CorvusCorvusAcum lună
  • Is it historically accurate too call Julius Caesar and mark Antony simps?

    thediamondshardthediamondshardAcum lună
    • No. Iirc Simp is understand as a man worringly desperate to gain the attentions of a woman they're infatuated with despite all signs that said woman will not end up reciprocating.

      Boss IsaacBoss IsaacAcum lună
  • It's always nice to hear the guy speak. He seems more friendly

    Hansall's FablesHansall's FablesAcum lună
  • Definitely! Mind control boobs. Definitely.

    rick davisrick davisAcum lună